The entrepreneur willing to open a company in Montenegro must be familiarized first with thetype of businessdefined by the law. There are the limited liability companies, the public limited liability companies, the general partnerships, the limited liability partnerships. A foreign country may also open a branch in Montenegro. Our company formation experts in Montenegro can help businessmen open any of the company types available in the country.
Businessmen interested to know the amount of money they will have to pay in taxes in Montenegro are invited to use our tax calculator.
Types of business entities in Montenegro
The Limited Liability Company (Drutvo s ogranienom odgovornou)in Monetnegro can be formed by at least one shareholder but the total number of them cannot exceed 30. The liability of the members of a D.O.O is limited by the contribution to the capital. Even though it doesn’t require a minimum share capital, the entity must open a bank account which will be used for various transactions. The capital of a D.O.O is divided into non-transferable shares. The general meeting of the shareholders is the highest instance in the company and the directors appointed by it are taking all the necessary decisions in order to continue the business every day.
A Joint Stock Company (Akcionarsko drutvo) is designed especially for large businesses due to the fact that it requires a high amount of capital (25.000 EUR) and the shares of it can transferable to the public. The major decisions are also taken by the General Meeting of the shareholders but the daily decisions are taken by the Board of Directors appointed by it. An auditor is also appointed in order to check the company’s finances.
The foreign investors which own a company in another country can open a Montenegro branch by providing the minimum share capital and by taking the whole responsibility for its actions. Other forms of business opened by the foreign companies are the subsidiaries and in research purposes, the representative offices.
Incorporation procedure in Montenegro
In the beginning of the company formation procedure in Montenegro, the company's foundation documents must be certified at the basic court (due to the fact that the job as public notary is not officially recognized in Montenegro).
After that, the desired name of the company established in Montenegro is checked online and then the applicant must deliver all the registration documents at the Commercial Court. The following documents must be delivered:
- foundation act;
- the articles of association;
- a list with all the founders of the company;
- managers and members of the board of directors;
- name of an executive director (and their details);
- the name of the company;
- the address of the headquarter and the address for correspondence;
- persons authorized to represent the company;
- written consent of the members of the board of directors;
- a document which confirms the payment of the registration fee.
The Montenegro Registry will notify the Official Gazette who will publish a notice regarding the newly formed company.
If the company will have employees, it must register those for Health and Pension at TaxAdministration counter. After that, the founders order a seal or stamp because it is essential for future company transactions. A bank account is opened once the company is registered with the Company Registry and tax office and the Statistical Office.
The last step of the company formation procedeure in Montenegro is notifying the competent inspection authority and the municipal authority in charge of economic affairs. All the steps described above can be handled by our experts in company registration in Montenegro.
Economy overview in Montenegro
Since Montenegro has gained its independence back in 2006, the country struggles to become one of the most important destinations for the investors who want to start a company in Europe. The most developed sector in Montenegro is the tourism. The Government has invested sharply in infrastructure, making the country more accessible for tourists but also for investors.
The economic climate is stable and continuously growing. The fiscal system is very favorable; the income tax may vary from 17 % to 0%, the VAT can vary from 17% to 7% and in some cases the capital gain tax is 0%. The used currency is Euro and this facilitates the trades.
For more details about the investment options available in this country or for complete company formation services, please contact our specialists in company registration in Montenegro.
Call us now at +382 67 236 384 to set up an appointment with our company formation agents in Podgorica, Montenegro. Alternatively you can incorporate your company without traveling to Montenegro.
As a Collis Advisory client, you will benefit from the joint expertize of local lawyers and international consultants. Together we will be able to offer you the specialized help you require for your business start-up in Montenegro.